Among the wealth of untold stories in American history is the rise and slow disappearance of all-black towns that sprung up in the American West following the end of the Civil War. Founded in an effort to convince the U.S. to create an all-black state, most of these towns have now been swallowed up by nearby counties and cities, or are clinging desperately for their survival. Struggle & Hope mines the stories of the last-remaining residents of these towns, while charting their heroic efforts to ensure their town retains its independence, character, and even hopes for a better future.


 Press Still Photos

You can download a zip file of high resolution photos to use. All credits should be Struggle & Hope. High Rez Photos

 Select Media About the Film

“New Documentary on Surviving Towns That Were Part of Effort to Establish All-Black State in the USA” – Indiewire
“Oklahoma’s All-Black Towns Find Renewed Interest” – AlJazeera
“Historic All-black Towns Fight to Survive” – Voice of America
“Documentary Focuses on All-Black Towns in Oklahoma” – Associated Press

Production Team


This project was made possible through support from the following:

Nightingale Family Foundation

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This program is funded in part by Oklahoma Humanities (OH) and the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH).  Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this program do not necessarily represent those of OH or NEH.Oklahoma Humanities Logo

Struggle & Hope was developed with the support of Independent Television Service (ITVS) with funding provided by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB).